FxPro Help Centre - Glossary



In financial markets, a reversal refers to a significant change in the direction of price movement of an asset. It typically occurs after a prolonged trend in one direction and indicates a shift in market sentiment and investor behavior. Reversals can occur in various timeframes, ranging from intraday movements to longer-term trends, and are often accompanied by increased volatility and trading volume.

Types of Reversals

There are two main types of reversals:

  • Bullish Reversal: A bullish reversal occurs when a downtrend reverses direction and transitions into an uptrend. It indicates a shift from bearish to bullish sentiment, with buyers gaining control over the market. Bullish reversal patterns often include higher lows and higher highs, signaling increasing buying pressure and potential opportunities for long positions.
  • Bearish Reversal: A bearish reversal occurs when an uptrend reverses direction and transitions into a downtrend. It indicates a shift from bullish to bearish sentiment, with sellers gaining control over the market. Bearish reversal patterns often include lower highs and lower lows, signaling increasing selling pressure and potential opportunities for short positions.

Causes of Reversals

Reversals can be triggered by various factors, including:

  • Technical Levels: Reversals often occur at key technical levels, such as support and resistance levels, trendlines, and Fibonacci retracement levels.
  • Fundamental News: Significant news events, economic data releases, or geopolitical developments can spark market reversals by altering market expectations and sentiment.
  • Market Psychology: Reversals may also be driven by shifts in market psychology, such as profit-taking by traders following a prolonged trend or panic selling in response to adverse news.

Trading Reversals

Trading reversals requires careful analysis and risk management to avoid false signals and minimize losses. Traders often use technical indicators, candlestick patterns, and chart patterns to identify potential reversal points and confirm the strength of the reversal signal. Additionally, traders may wait for confirmation of the reversal through price action before entering trades to reduce the risk of premature entries.