FxPro Help Centre - Glossary

Market Maker (MM)

A Market Maker (MM) is a financial institution or individual trader that provides liquidity to a market by continuously quoting both bid and ask prices for a financial instrument. Market Makers facilitate trading by standing ready to buy and sell securities at publicly quoted prices, thereby creating a market for the asset.

Key Aspects of Market Makers:

  • Liquidity Provision: Market Makers play a crucial role in ensuring market liquidity by quoting prices at which they are willing to buy (bid price) and sell (ask price) securities, allowing traders to execute transactions quickly and efficiently.
  • Continuous Quoting: Market Makers continuously update their bid and ask prices based on market conditions, ensuring that there is always a two-sided market for the asset, even during periods of low trading activity.
  • Narrow Bid-Ask Spreads: Market Makers typically aim to profit from the spread between the bid and ask prices, known as the bid-ask spread. They strive to keep spreads tight to attract trading volume and minimize transaction costs for market participants.
  • Risk Management: Market Makers manage their risk exposure by adjusting their pricing based on factors such as market volatility, trading volume, and inventory levels. They may hedge their positions in the underlying asset to mitigate the risk of adverse price movements.
  • Order Execution: Market Makers execute customer orders by matching buy and sell orders internally or by interacting with other market participants through electronic trading platforms or exchanges.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Market Makers operate under regulatory frameworks established by financial authorities to ensure fair and orderly markets. They must adhere to rules governing market conduct, transparency, and capital adequacy.
  • Profit Generation: Market Makers aim to generate profits from the bid-ask spread, trading volume, and other trading activities. They may also earn rebates or incentives from exchanges or trading venues for providing liquidity to the market.

Market Makers play a vital role in maintaining efficient and orderly markets by providing liquidity, facilitating price discovery, and enhancing market efficiency. Their continuous quoting of prices ensures that buyers and sellers can transact in the market with minimal delays and at competitive prices.